Lake Edward or Lake Rutanzige is one of the smaller African Great Lakes. Henry Morton Stanley first saw the lake in 1888, during the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition. Lake Edward is home to many species of fish, including populations of Bagrus
docmak, Oreochromis niloticus, Oreochromis leucostictus, and over 50 species of Haplochromis and other haplochromine species, of which only 25 are formally described. Fishing is an important activity among local residents. Fauna living on the banks of the lake – including chimpanzees, elephants, crocodiles, and lions – are protected by the national parks. The area is also home to many perennial and migratory bird species.
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