The Picos de Europa or "Peaks of Europe", often abbreviated to the Picos). The most widely accepted origin for the name is that they were the first sight of Europe for ships arriving from the Americas. The range consists of three major massifs: Central, Eastern and Western. The Central and Western massifs are separated by the 1.5 kilometres deep Cares Gorge, with the village of Caín at its head. Almost all of the rock in the Picos is limestone, and glacial action has contributed to create an impressive area of alpine karst. The area is popular with mountaineers, climbers and mountain walkers. Cantabrian brown bears and wolves live in the more remote regions. Rebeccos, kind of chamois, are fairly frequently seen. Choughs and Buzzards are common, various eagles and vultures are frequently seen, and there is a diverse butterfly population in the region. The Picos de Europa contain many of world's deepest caves, including Torca del Cerro, Sima de la Cornisa, Torca los Rebecos and Pozo del Madejuno.

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