Siwa Oasis (Arabic: واحة سيوة‎) is an urban oasis about 560km from Cairo. About 80km in length and 20km wide, Siwa Oasis is one of Egypt's most isolated settlements, with about 33,000 people, mostly Berbers, who developed a unique culture and a distinct language of the Berber family called Siwi. Its fame lies

primarily in its ancient role as the home to an oracle of Ammon, the ruins of which are a popular tourist attraction which gave the oasis its ancient name Oasis of Amun Ra. Historically, it is part of Ancient Libya. The oasis is known to have been settled since at least the 10th millennium BC. The first European to visit since Roman times came in 1792 to see the ancient temple of the Oracle of Amun. Other local historic sites of interest include: the ancient fortress of Siwa, known as the Shali Ghadi, the remains of the oracle temple; the Gebel al Mawta (the Mountain of the Dead), a Roman-era necropolis featuring dozens of rock-cut tombs; and "Cleopatra's Bath", an antique natural spring. The fragmentary remains of the oracle temple, with some inscriptions dating from the 4th century BC, lie within the ruins of Aghurmi. The revelations of the oracle fell into disrepute under the Roman occupation of Egypt.

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